Which tea to choose for tourists when visiting the tea rooms and mechinah countries
Analysts FAO (Food organization of the United Nations) published the TOP list of countries with the highest consumption of tea per capita…
Which tea to choose for tourists when visiting the tea and not the tea countries
What kind of tea to bring back from a holiday trip to “the tea” of the world?
Not tea countries consume little tea, but use it for industrial production
According to FAO, tea consumption per capita in the world varies greatly from country to country. For example, in mainly “coffee” countries drink it a little, all the tea is imported and, mainly, packaged. Tourists – lovers of tea here should count on fine and custard teas (except that in expensive and niche restaurants are not native to these countries cuisine).
So, in Brazil consume only 10 grams of tea per person per year, in Israel and France – 20 grams in Canada – 50 grams in Italy – 140 grams.
A little tea (real) drink in the US – 220 grams per person per year. Basically, tea is used for industrial preparation of iced tea (packaged in bottles with different flavors), and for the production of packaged tea.
For tourists, special connoisseurs, give advice – you can buy a very good American leaf tea grown in South Carolina, but for him You have to go directly to the plantations of this state, for example, in Charleston.
There are different reasons for the low consumption of tea in tea tourist countries, but tourists have something to bring from each of them
Interestingly, according to FAO statistics, quite a few teas are drunk in such seemingly “tea” countries as Sri Lanka and India (consumption – 320 grams per person per year) or South Korea (only 160 grams per person per year, less than in the US).
More even in Indonesia (which also grows tea) – here the consumption of tea at 450 grams per year. In each case, the reasons are different, but the tourist has something to bring from each of these countries.
Green tea and “non-tea teas” are popular in Korea
In South Korea, tea is grown (tea plantations are concentrated in 3 southern provinces of the country, including Jeju island). Almost all Korean tea – green (you can find black, but the locals do not drink it, and it is not too good quality). Unlike China and Japan, green tea has become a monopoly among hot national drinks in Korea, but, in General, this Asian country has not been a “tea”for a long time.
Almost all Korean tea is green
What the Koreans themselves call “cha” – basically, a variety of non-alcoholic beverages – they are prepared from herbs, leaves and roots of various plants. This, for example, common barley tea. Drinking in Korea nezinye drink from the leaves of aralia, persimmon, mint, mulberry, chrysanthemum, tea from the roots of ginseng, ginger and even the roots of hemp, the tea of figs, quince, dogwood, citrus.
Sold (including in pharmacies) tea from the needles of pine, numerous grass-fruit mixture with the addition of spices. Such Korean “fresh juice” is also worth to bring to Russia in contemporary Korea, they are sold in bulk and in jars, in bags.
As for green tea, it is little-known outside Korea. If you are going to bring home Korean leafy green tea, we advise you to pay attention to such industrially produced varieties as Ha Dong Bohea, Woo-jeon, Sejak (highest quality category) and Dae-Jak (middle category). Black tea here is called Dong cheon, but it is quite difficult to buy it, it is very unpopular.
In India, there are 3 varieties of black teas, you can buy low-fermented green and even white
In India, which drink relatively little tea per capita, all due mainly to the fact that tea is grown here, mainly for export. This country ranks 2nd after China in tea production in the world and is among the four in exports. The amount of tea that remains for sale domestically is relatively small, and if you divide it by the billion population of India, you get very little.
However, the Indians themselves drink tea – but not as usual to us, but mainly in the form of tea masala (tea base with the addition of milk, cinnamon, cardamom, ginger, cloves and some other spices). Actually tea base is small in volume, Indians use for everyday cooking masala granulated black tea of low quality and price. In any case, in terms of “pure tea” (dry tea leaves) its consumption in India is small.
Of course, being in India, tourists should not miss the opportunity to bring local leaf tea of pure varieties (mixtures and without additives – although it is in India tea mixtures with all kinds of spices and plants – a huge variety).
In India, tea mixtures with all kinds of spices and plants – a huge variety
Almost 90% of pure tea produced in India is black (or red – it is the same) strongly fermented tea. Since our task is not to write a huge book on Indian teas, we will focus only on one tip for tourists – look here for 3 main varieties of tea protected geographical names. Here they are:
The first is a strong and rich Assam (Assam). This is our usual good black tea. It is quite easy to buy, as it is this tea that India produces and exports the most.
The second – the thin, gentle and quite expensive Darjeeling (Darjeeling). It is best to buy this tea 1 and 2 (spring) and 4 (autumn) fees.
Third – second flush (Organic), strong black tea leaves from Southern India. Depending on the plantation (and the surrounding vegetation) , its infusion may be slightly fruity-sour, sometimes even a weak mint shade.
Basically, on sale all 3 varieties are found in the form of black teas, but you can buy and slightly fermented green and, with luck, even white Darjeeling and Assam.
Varieties of black tea are typical for Sri Lanka
In Sri Lanka, where only 350 grams of tea is consumed per person per year, tea is also one of the main exports. The Sri Lankans themselves, as in India, almost do not drink pure tea. All teas here are the descendants of either Chinese varieties (Alpine teas) or Indian Assam (mountain medium and plain teas of Sri Lanka).
With the purchase of tea for tourists in Sri Lanka no problem. Tea is a strong brand of the island and its tourism industry (although Sri Lanka once produced, exported and advertised not tea but coffee).
Excursions to the tea plantations of the country are common, they are willingly bought by Russian tourists – especially since it is here that you can find, though not too cheap, but authentic and really guaranteed quality tea. Remember that the vast majority of Ceylon (Sri Lankan teas) – black. Green tea of Sri Lanka can be found only on UVA plantations.
Tea is a strong brand of Sri Lanka and its tourism industry
Among the varieties of black tea in Sri Lanka, clearly recommended for purchase by tourists, we note a few.
Nuwara Eliya (Nuwara Eliya) – the most expensive and considered the best on the island of black tea. He, like the black mountain Darjeeling – light infusion, but it is black, not green tea. Next – UDA Pusselawa (Uda Pusselawa) and Dimbula (Dimbula) – good black teas moderate strength, but with a bright tart taste.
Teas plantations UVA, Kandy and Ruhuna (Uwa, Kandi, Ruhuna) for our man, in General, similar – it’s good everyday classic black strong teas, differing only in flavor notes, which can be identified, however, only in a strong infusion.
Indonesian packaged black tea is quite rare, but is sold with various additives
In Indonesia, tea plantations are located mainly on the Islands of Java and Sumatra, and not on the most visited by Russians island (Bali). Plantations themselves are very picturesque – take a tour of them boldly. In some places they are located on the slopes of local extinct volcanoes – a fantastic sight.
In Indonesia, all varieties of local tea are derived from the North Indian mountain variety Assam, which in a hot climate acquired more than the original, astringency and strength.
Basically, tea from Indonesia is exported (usually black tea), and then used by foreign companies in a variety of tea blends (blends), as raw materials for tea bags, etc.
Plantations in Indonesia themselves are very picturesque
Therefore, in the shops of this country, local packaged black tea can be found quite rarely, and, as a rule, it is sold with various additives – cinnamon, Jasmine, etc. The Indonesians themselves in Java and Sumatra drink tea – the same local “descendant” of Assam, but mainly green, and artisanal, not factory production – its FAO statistics do not take into account, because of Indonesia’s data on tea consumption are so great.
If You are lucky to be in a major city in Indonesia, try to buy in the store expensive local pure variety of factory black tea (for example, c plantations Kayu Aro, Wonosari, Kaligua, Sidomanik, Gunung Mas, Kemuning – look for these names on the packs). It is fragrant and strong. Bring it to Russia yourself or as a gift is definitely. Many are sold in Indonesia and a variety of teas with additives, as well as herbal.
The tea tourism of the country
Red (black) and slightly fermented green tea are popular in China
Well, we got to China, doubtfully, one of the “most tea” countries in the world. Tea consumption per capita – 560 grams per year per person. A lot? Yes. But here it is necessary to take into account the huge population, which will have to divide the entire volume of tea sold in the country (and part of it is also exported), and the type of daily consumption – in China, tea is usually brewed in large kettles for the whole family, and the consumption of tea is relatively large.