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situs bandar ceme
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10 important sights of Bulgaria for every tourist

Known for its cuisine, friendly atmosphere, many ancient ruins, villages, soaring mountains and Sunny beaches, Bulgaria is undoubtedly among the best tourist destinations in Europe…

10 important sights of Bulgaria for every tourist

Natural and archaeological reserve at Cape Kaliakra
Location: 12 km East from the town of Quarona, 60 km North-East of Varna.

Natural and archaeological reserve at Cape Kaliakra
Kaliakra is a long and narrow headland in the southeastern part of Dobrudzha plateau. The shores of the Cape are distinguished by sheer cliffs, almost vertically hanging over the sea – their height reaches 70 m.

Kaliakra is a natural and archaeological reserve where you can observe dolphins, cormorants and pinnipeds in their natural habitat. It also shows the remains of the fortified walls, water-main, baths and residence of the despotate of Dobrudzha ruler Dobrotitsa, who moved the capital from Kavarna.

The fortress of the same name of the end of the XIV century became a symbol of this place after it played a decisive role in the naval battle of 1791 between the Russian and Turkish fleets. This Russian battle determined the success of the Russian soldiers in the Russian-Turkish war.

Also at the tip of the Cape is a small chapel of St. Nicholas.

Interesting fact. The destroyer of the Russian Imperial fleet was named “Kaliakria” in honor of the victory won by Admiral Ushakov over the Turkish-Algerian fleet during the Russian-Turkish war.
The main Tsarevets fortress of the medieval capital Veliko Tarnovo
Location: Veliko Tarnovo.

The main Tsarevets fortress of the medieval capital Veliko Tarnovo
During the Second Bulgarian Kingdom from 1185 to 1395 Bulgaria was the largest and most powerful state in South-Eastern Europe, and the Tsarevets was the main fortress of the medieval capital – Veliko Tarnovo.

During the first centuries of Roman rule, the ancient settlement was deserted, but according to archaeological data, it was inhabited in the 2nd Millennium BC. After a long desolation, this place by the V century became a heavily fortified early Byzantine city.

In the XII century, a medieval fortress was erected on the tops of the foundations of this early Byzantine city. Today, there is a partial restoration, although the entire Fort is already well studied. Visiting tourists can easily see how the Fort, consisting of massive stone walls, gates and towers, was able to survive many different periods throughout its history.

Interesting fact. On the territory of the fortress were the Royal chambers and the Palace of the Patriarch of the Bulgarian Church.
Medieval town with 3000 years of history Nessebar
Location: 37 km North of the city of Burgas.

Medieval town with 3000 years of history Nessebar
Located on a rocky Peninsula, on the black sea coast of Bulgaria, the ancient city of Nessebar, which has more than 3,000 years of history, was originally a Thracian settlement of Mesebria.

At the beginning of the VI century BC the settlement became a Greek colony. The remains of the city, which mainly belong to the Hellenistic period, include the Acropolis, the temple of Apollo, the Agora and the wall of Thracian fortifications. Other valuable historical monuments – the Basilica of Hagia Sophia (Old metropolis) and the fortress itself – date back to the middle Ages, when it was one of the most important Byzantine cities on the West coast of the Black sea. Wooden houses built in the XIX century are typical for the black sea architecture of that time.

The city is surrounded on three sides by the sea, and tourists can get here only by a narrow isthmus 400 m wide.

Interesting fact. Almost half of the ancient city went under water. In 1983, the area of the old town of Nessebar was included in the UNESCO world heritage list.
Monument of Slavic cultural identity of the Bulgarian language Rila monastery
Location: 117 km South of Sofia in the Rila river valley.

Monument of Slavic cultural identity of the Bulgarian language Rila monastery
Rila monastery was founded in the X century by St. John of Rila, a hermit, canonized by the Orthodox Church. His ascetic dwelling and grave became Holy places and turned into a monastic complex, which played an important role in the spiritual and social life of medieval Bulgaria. Destroyed by fire in the early 19th century, the complex was rebuilt between 1834 and 1862. Being a typical example of the Bulgarian Renaissance, the monument symbolizes the awareness of Slavic cultural identity after centuries of occupation. During the reign of the Ottomans, the monastery acted as the guardian of the Bulgarian language and culture.

Nowadays the Rila monastery is the largest Stavropol monastery of the Bulgarian Church. For tourists, this place will be especially interesting thanks to the local monastery Museum, which houses the famous cross of Raphael – a unique example of woodcarving, which depicts 104 religious scenes and 650 miniature figures.

Interesting fact. On the territory of the monastery there is also a natural national Park, famous for its landscapes and interesting tourist routes.
Rock formation of curious shapes and forms Belogradchik rocks
Location: near the town of Belogradchik, on the Western slope of the Stara Planina mountains.

Rock formation of curious shapes and forms Belogradchik rocks
Belogradchik rocks is a unique natural phenomenon, claiming to be one of the new 7 wonders of the world. The height of the rocks reaches 200 m, but their main feature is this indicator and the curious shape and shape, thanks to which almost every rock formation got its name. Here tourists can meet “Madonna”, “Rider”, “Monks”, “Bee stone”, “Momina rock”, “Zbegovete”, “Camel”, “Goddess bendida” and many other bizarre rocks. Some really resemble someone’s face, others look like giant sphinxes, others – on the dome of mosques.

All rocks are divided into five groups depending on the location. Most of them were formed over many hundreds of millions of years under the influence of erosion, denudation, growth of mosses and lichens and other natural factors.

These days these places are the main tourist attraction of the region together with the city of Belogradchik and the fortress of the same name.

Interesting fact. The length of the rock complex is almost 30 km from West to East.
Center of land use of classical antique era Villa Armira
Location: 4 km South-West of the city of Ivaylovgrad.

Center of land use of classical antique era Villa Armira
Villa Armira is one of the earliest and best preserved examples of a suburban Roman Villa in Bulgaria. It is an outstanding architectural monument with more than 2000 years of history.

This luxury private home (and actually Palace) classical antiquity, discovered in the Bulgarian lands. The Villa was the center of land use founded by a Thracian wealthy aristocratic family. Excavations of the mound near the village of Great Svirachi in 2001-2002 made a great contribution to the proof of the Thracian origin of the Villa; its first owner was the successor of the Thracian king. He received citizenship for cooperation with Rome and thus the authorities allowed him to create a farm and build a Villa in the 50-70 years of the I century ad.

The well-preserved mosaic floor with Roman, Greek and Thracian elements gives special value to the Villa.

Interesting fact. The Villa has been inhabited for at least 300 years.
Center of theatrical performances, as well as for gladiatorial and hunting games, ancient theater
Location: in the old town of Plovdiv.

Center of theatrical performances, as well as for gladiatorial and hunting games, ancient theater
Located on the southern slope of Three hills, in the saddle between Taksim and Jambaz, discovered by archaeologists from Plovdiv and reconstructed in the early 80-ies of XX century, the ancient theater “Philipopolis” is one of the best preserved ancient Roman theaters in the world.

A long-found and deciphered inscription on the monumental pedestal proves that the theater was built in the 90-ies of the I century ad, when Philipopolis was under the rule of Titus Flavius Kotis – the heir of the Thracian Royal dynasty, the high priest of the province of Thrace, the representative of the capital court and the person responsible for the construction sites.

The auditorium area of this ancient theater includes 28 concentric rows of marble seats surrounding the stage orchestra, which has the shape of a horseshoe with a diameter of 26.64 m. in Addition to theatrical performances, this location was used for gladiatorial and hunting games, as well as as the venue of the General Assembly of the Roman province of Thrace.

Interesting fact. The theater was used for its intended purpose until the end of the IV century and could accommodate about 6000 spectators.
Natural beauty and unusual names are characteristic of the seven Rila lakes
Location: the nearest town is Sapareva Banya.

Natural beauty and unusual names are characteristic of the seven Rila lakes
A group of lakes of glacial origin, located in the North-Western Rila mountains, and is the most visited attraction in Bulgaria.

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